DRAGONFLY CDROM README FILE
This CDROM boots DragonFly BSD. Basically what you get is a full base
system on CD with certain critical directories, such as /tmp, remounted
read-write using MFS. Your existing hard drive is not effected by
booting this CDROM.
NOTE!!! DRAGONFLY IS UNDERGOING DEVELOPMENT AND CONSIDERED EXPERIMENTAL!
BSD RELATED EXPERIENCE IS REQUIRED TO USE THIS CDROM.
If you just want to play with DragonFly and not mess with your hard disk,
this CDROM boots into a fully operational console-based system, though
without swap it should be noted that you are limited by available memory.
We are currently developing automatic installation tools. There are none
on this CD.
Manual installation of DragonFly onto an HD involve the following sequence
of commands. You must be familiar with BSD style UNIX systems to do
installations manually. The primary IDE hard drive is typically 'ad0'
and DragonFly is typically installed onto the first slice.
# This COMPLETE WIPES and repartitions your hard drive
fdisk -IB ad0
# This installs boot blocks onto the HD and verifies their
boot0cfg -B ad0
boot0cfg -v ad0
# This creates an initial label on the first slice of the HD. If
# you have problems booting you could try wiping the first 32 blocks
# of the slice with dd and then reinstalling the label
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/ad0s1 bs=32k count=16
disklabel -B -r -w ad0s1 auto
# Edit the label. Create various standard partitions. The typical
# configurations is:
# ad0s1a 256m This will be your /
# ad0s1b 1024m This will be your swap
# ad0s1c (leave alone)
# ad0s1d 256m This will be your /var
# ad0s1e 256m This will be your /tmp
# ad0s1f 8192m This will be your /usr (min 4096m)
# ad0s1g * All remaining space to yoru /home
disklabel -e ad0s1
# Newfs (format) the various filesystems. Softupdates is not
# normally enabled on the root filesystem.
newfs -U /dev/ad0s1d
newfs -U /dev/ad0s1e
newfs -U /dev/ad0s1f
newfs -U /dev/ad0s1g
# Mount the filesystems
mount /dev/ad0s1a /mnt
mount /dev/ad0s1d /mnt/var
mount /dev/ad0s1e /mnt/tmp
mount /dev/ad0s1f /mnt/usr
mount /dev/ad0s1g /mnt/home
# Copy the CDRom onto the target. cpdup won't cross mount boundaries
# on the source (e.g. the MFS remounts) so it takes a few commands.
cpdup / /mnt
cpdup /var /mnt/var
cpdup /etc /mnt/etc
cpdup /dev /mnt/dev
cpdup /usr /mnt/usr
# Edit /mnt/etc/fstab to reflect the new mounts. An example fstab
# file based on the above parameters exists as /mnt/etc/fstab.example
# which you can rename to /mnt/etc/fstab.
mv /mnt/etc/fstab.example /mnt/etc/fstab
Once you've duplicated the CD onto your HD you have to make some edits
so the system boots properly from your HD. Primarily you must remove
or edit /mnt/boot/loader.conf
# Remove /mnt/boot/loader.conf so the kernel does not try to
# obtain the root filesystem from the CD.
At this point it should be possible to reboot. The CD may be locked
since it is currently mounted. Be careful of the CD drawer closing
on you when you open it during the reboot. Remove the CD and allow
the system to boot from the HD.
WARNING do not just hit reset, the kernel may not have written out
all the pending data to your HD. Either unmount the HD partitions
or type reboot.
(remove CD when convenient, be careful of the CD drawer closing on you)
Once you have a working HD based system you can clean up /etc/rc.conf
to enable things like cron, sendmail, setup your networking, and so
forth. If 'ifconfig' does not show your networking device you could
try to kldload it from /modules. With a recognized network device
you can ifconfig its IP address or, if you have a DHCP server on your
network, use 'dhclient <interfacename>' to obtain an IP address from
This CD contains two pre-installed ports: cvsup and mkisofs. cvsup
can be used to obtain the DragonFly cvs repository, the FreeBSD ports
tree, and so on and so forth. 'man cvsup' for more information.
The cvsup example files are in /usr/share/examples/cvsup. You will
primarily be interested in the DragonFly CVS repository, DragonFly-supfile,
and the FreeBSD ports, FreeBSD-ports-supfile.
$DragonFly: src/nrelease/root/README,v 1.2 2003/12/01 23:19:16 dillon Exp $