File:  [DragonFly] / src / sys / dev / misc / lpt / lpt.c
Revision 1.8: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Thu May 13 23:49:16 2004 UTC (10 years, 7 months ago) by dillon
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
device switch 1/many: Remove d_autoq, add d_clone (where d_autoq was).

d_autoq was used to allow the device port dispatch to mix old-style synchronous
calls with new style messaging calls within a particular device.  It was never
used for that purpose.

d_clone will be more fully implemented as work continues.  We are going to
install d_port in the dev_t (struct specinfo) structure itself and d_clone
will be needed to allow devices to 'revector' the port on a minor-number
by minor-number basis, in particular allowing minor numbers to be directly
dispatched to distinct threads.  This is something we will be needing later
on.

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1990 William F. Jolitz, TeleMuse
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This software is a component of "386BSD" developed by
 *	William F. Jolitz, TeleMuse.
 * 4. Neither the name of the developer nor the name "386BSD"
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS A COMPONENT OF 386BSD DEVELOPED BY WILLIAM F. JOLITZ
 * AND IS INTENDED FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. THIS
 * SOFTWARE SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED TO BE A COMMERCIAL PRODUCT.
 * THE DEVELOPER URGES THAT USERS WHO REQUIRE A COMMERCIAL PRODUCT
 * NOT MAKE USE OF THIS WORK.
 *
 * FOR USERS WHO WISH TO UNDERSTAND THE 386BSD SYSTEM DEVELOPED
 * BY WILLIAM F. JOLITZ, WE RECOMMEND THE USER STUDY WRITTEN
 * REFERENCES SUCH AS THE  "PORTING UNIX TO THE 386" SERIES
 * (BEGINNING JANUARY 1991 "DR. DOBBS JOURNAL", USA AND BEGINNING
 * JUNE 1991 "UNIX MAGAZIN", GERMANY) BY WILLIAM F. JOLITZ AND
 * LYNNE GREER JOLITZ, AS WELL AS OTHER BOOKS ON UNIX AND THE
 * ON-LINE 386BSD USER MANUAL BEFORE USE. A BOOK DISCUSSING THE INTERNALS
 * OF 386BSD ENTITLED "386BSD FROM THE INSIDE OUT" WILL BE AVAILABLE LATE 1992.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE DEVELOPER ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE DEVELOPER BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	from: unknown origin, 386BSD 0.1
 *	From Id: lpt.c,v 1.55.2.1 1996/11/12 09:08:38 phk Exp
 *	From Id: nlpt.c,v 1.14 1999/02/08 13:55:43 des Exp
 * $FreeBSD: src/sys/dev/ppbus/lpt.c,v 1.15.2.3 2000/07/07 00:30:40 obrien Exp $
 * $DragonFly: src/sys/dev/misc/lpt/lpt.c,v 1.8 2004/05/13 23:49:16 dillon Exp $
 */

/*
 * Device Driver for AT parallel printer port
 * Written by William Jolitz 12/18/90
 */

/*
 * Updated for ppbus by Nicolas Souchu
 * [Mon Jul 28 1997]
 */

#include "opt_lpt.h"

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/module.h>
#include <sys/bus.h>
#include <sys/conf.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/syslog.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>

#include <machine/clock.h>
#include <machine/bus.h>
#include <machine/resource.h>
#include <sys/rman.h>

#include "lptio.h"
#include <bus/ppbus/ppbconf.h>
#include <bus/ppbus/ppb_1284.h>
#include "lpt.h"
#include "ppbus_if.h"
#include <bus/ppbus/ppbio.h>

MALLOC_DEFINE(M_LPT, "lpt", "LPT buffers");

#ifndef LPT_DEBUG
#define lprintf(args)
#else
#define lprintf(args)						\
		do {						\
			if (lptflag)				\
				printf args;			\
		} while (0)
static int volatile lptflag = 1;
#endif

#define	LPINITRDY	4	/* wait up to 4 seconds for a ready */
#define	LPTOUTINITIAL	10	/* initial timeout to wait for ready 1/10 s */
#define	LPTOUTMAX	1	/* maximal timeout 1 s */
#define	BUFSIZE		1024
#define	BUFSTATSIZE	32

#define	LPTUNIT(s)	((s)&0x03)
#define	LPTFLAGS(s)	((s)&0xfc)

struct lpt_data {

	short	sc_state;
	/* default case: negative prime, negative ack, handshake strobe,
	   prime once */
	u_char	sc_control;
	char	sc_flags;
#define LP_POS_INIT	0x04	/* if we are a postive init signal */
#define LP_POS_ACK	0x08	/* if we are a positive going ack */
#define LP_NO_PRIME	0x10	/* don't prime the printer at all */
#define LP_PRIMEOPEN	0x20	/* prime on every open */
#define LP_AUTOLF	0x40	/* tell printer to do an automatic lf */
#define LP_BYPASS	0x80	/* bypass  printer ready checks */
	void	*sc_inbuf;
	void	*sc_statbuf;
	short	sc_xfercnt ;
	char	sc_primed;
	char	*sc_cp ;
	u_short	sc_irq ;	/* IRQ status of port */
#define LP_HAS_IRQ	0x01	/* we have an irq available */
#define LP_USE_IRQ	0x02	/* we are using our irq */
#define LP_ENABLE_IRQ	0x04	/* enable IRQ on open */
#define LP_ENABLE_EXT	0x10	/* we shall use advanced mode when possible */
	u_char	sc_backoff ;	/* time to call lptout() again */

	struct resource *intr_resource;	/* interrupt resource */
	void *intr_cookie;		/* interrupt registration cookie */

};

#define LPT_NAME	"lpt"		/* our official name */

static timeout_t lptout;
static int	lpt_port_test(device_t dev, u_char data, u_char mask);
static int	lpt_detect(device_t dev);

#define DEVTOSOFTC(dev) \
	((struct lpt_data *)device_get_softc(dev))
#define UNITOSOFTC(unit) \
	((struct lpt_data *)devclass_get_softc(lpt_devclass, (unit)))
#define UNITODEVICE(unit) \
	(devclass_get_device(lpt_devclass, (unit)))

static void lptintr(device_t dev);
static void lpt_intr(void *arg);	/* without spls */

static devclass_t lpt_devclass;


/* bits for state */
#define	OPEN		(1<<0)	/* device is open */
#define	ASLP		(1<<1)	/* awaiting draining of printer */
#define	EERROR		(1<<2)	/* error was received from printer */
#define	OBUSY		(1<<3)	/* printer is busy doing output */
#define LPTOUT		(1<<4)	/* timeout while not selected */
#define TOUT		(1<<5)	/* timeout while not selected */
#define LPTINIT		(1<<6)	/* waiting to initialize for open */
#define INTERRUPTED	(1<<7)	/* write call was interrupted */

#define HAVEBUS		(1<<8)	/* the driver owns the bus */


/* status masks to interrogate printer status */
#define RDY_MASK	(LPS_SEL|LPS_OUT|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR)	/* ready ? */
#define LP_READY	(LPS_SEL|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR)

/* Printer Ready condition  - from lpa.c */
/* Only used in polling code */
#define	LPS_INVERT	(LPS_NBSY | LPS_NACK |           LPS_SEL | LPS_NERR)
#define	LPS_MASK	(LPS_NBSY | LPS_NACK | LPS_OUT | LPS_SEL | LPS_NERR)
#define	NOT_READY(ppbus) ((ppb_rstr(ppbus)^LPS_INVERT)&LPS_MASK)

#define	MAX_SLEEP	(hz*5)	/* Timeout while waiting for device ready */
#define	MAX_SPIN	20	/* Max delay for device ready in usecs */


static	d_open_t	lptopen;
static	d_close_t	lptclose;
static	d_write_t	lptwrite;
static	d_read_t	lptread;
static	d_ioctl_t	lptioctl;

#define CDEV_MAJOR 16
static struct cdevsw lpt_cdevsw = {
	/* name */	LPT_NAME,
	/* maj */	CDEV_MAJOR,
	/* flags */	0,
	/* port */	NULL,
	/* clone */	NULL,

	/* open */	lptopen,
	/* close */	lptclose,
	/* read */	lptread,
	/* write */	lptwrite,
	/* ioctl */	lptioctl,
	/* poll */	nopoll,
	/* mmap */	nommap,
	/* strategy */	nostrategy,
	/* dump */	nodump,
	/* psize */	nopsize
};

static int
lpt_request_ppbus(device_t dev, int how)
{
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
	int error;

	if (sc->sc_state & HAVEBUS)
		return (0);

	/* we have the bus only if the request succeded */
	if ((error = ppb_request_bus(ppbus, dev, how)) == 0)
		sc->sc_state |= HAVEBUS;

	return (error);
}

static int
lpt_release_ppbus(device_t dev)
{
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
	int error = 0;

	if ((error = ppb_release_bus(ppbus, dev)) == 0)
		sc->sc_state &= ~HAVEBUS;

	return (error);
}

/*
 * Internal routine to lptprobe to do port tests of one byte value
 */
static int
lpt_port_test(device_t ppbus, u_char data, u_char mask)
{
	int	temp, timeout;

	data = data & mask;
	ppb_wdtr(ppbus, data);
	timeout = 10000;
	do {
		DELAY(10);
		temp = ppb_rdtr(ppbus) & mask;
	}
	while (temp != data && --timeout);
	lprintf(("out=%x\tin=%x\ttout=%d\n", data, temp, timeout));
	return (temp == data);
}

/*
 * Probe simplified by replacing multiple loops with a hardcoded
 * test pattern - 1999/02/08 des@freebsd.org
 *
 * New lpt port probe Geoff Rehmet - Rhodes University - 14/2/94
 * Based partially on Rod Grimes' printer probe
 *
 * Logic:
 *	1) If no port address was given, use the bios detected ports
 *	   and autodetect what ports the printers are on.
 *	2) Otherwise, probe the data port at the address given,
 *	   using the method in Rod Grimes' port probe.
 *	   (Much code ripped off directly from Rod's probe.)
 *
 * Comments from Rod's probe:
 * Logic:
 *	1) You should be able to write to and read back the same value
 *	   to the data port.  Do an alternating zeros, alternating ones,
 *	   walking zero, and walking one test to check for stuck bits.
 *
 *	2) You should be able to write to and read back the same value
 *	   to the control port lower 5 bits, the upper 3 bits are reserved
 *	   per the IBM PC technical reference manauls and different boards
 *	   do different things with them.  Do an alternating zeros, alternating
 *	   ones, walking zero, and walking one test to check for stuck bits.
 *
 *	   Some printers drag the strobe line down when the are powered off
 * 	   so this bit has been masked out of the control port test.
 *
 *	   XXX Some printers may not like a fast pulse on init or strobe, I
 *	   don't know at this point, if that becomes a problem these bits
 *	   should be turned off in the mask byte for the control port test.
 *
 *	   We are finally left with a mask of 0x14, due to some printers
 *	   being adamant about holding other bits high ........
 *
 *	   Before probing the control port, we write a 0 to the data port -
 *	   If not, some printers chuck out garbage when the strobe line
 *	   gets toggled.
 *
 *	3) Set the data and control ports to a value of 0
 *
 *	This probe routine has been tested on Epson Lx-800, HP LJ3P,
 *	Epson FX-1170 and C.Itoh 8510RM
 *	printers.
 *	Quick exit on fail added.
 */
static int
lpt_detect(device_t dev)
{
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);

	static u_char	testbyte[18] = {
		0x55,			/* alternating zeros */
		0xaa,			/* alternating ones */
		0xfe, 0xfd, 0xfb, 0xf7,
		0xef, 0xdf, 0xbf, 0x7f,	/* walking zero */
		0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08,
		0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80	/* walking one */
	};
	int		i, error, status;

	status = 1;				/* assume success */

	if ((error = lpt_request_ppbus(dev, PPB_DONTWAIT))) {
		printf(LPT_NAME ": cannot alloc ppbus (%d)!\n", error);
		status = 0;
		goto end_probe;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < 18 && status; i++)
		if (!lpt_port_test(ppbus, testbyte[i], 0xff)) {
			status = 0;
			goto end_probe;
		}

end_probe:
	/* write 0's to control and data ports */
	ppb_wdtr(ppbus, 0);
	ppb_wctr(ppbus, 0);

	lpt_release_ppbus(dev);

	return (status);
}

static void
lpt_identify(driver_t *driver, device_t parent)
{

	BUS_ADD_CHILD(parent, 0, LPT_NAME, 0);
}

/*
 * lpt_probe()
 */
static int
lpt_probe(device_t dev)
{
	struct lpt_data *sc;
	
	sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
	bzero(sc, sizeof(struct lpt_data));

	/*
	 * Now, try to detect the printer.
	 */
	if (!lpt_detect(dev))
		return (ENXIO);

	device_set_desc(dev, "Printer");

	return (0);
}

static int
lpt_attach(device_t dev)
{
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
	int zero = 0, unit = device_get_unit(dev);
	int error;
	uintptr_t irq;

	sc->sc_primed = 0;	/* not primed yet */

	if ((error = lpt_request_ppbus(dev, PPB_DONTWAIT))) {
		printf(LPT_NAME ": cannot alloc ppbus (%d)!\n", error);
		return (0);
	}

	ppb_wctr(ppbus, LPC_NINIT);

	/* check if we can use interrupt, should be done by ppc stuff */
	lprintf(("oldirq %x\n", sc->sc_irq));

	/* retrieve the ppbus irq */
	BUS_READ_IVAR(ppbus, dev, PPBUS_IVAR_IRQ, &irq);

	if (irq > 0) {
		/* declare our interrupt handler */
		sc->intr_resource = bus_alloc_resource(dev, SYS_RES_IRQ,
						       &zero, irq, irq, 1, RF_SHAREABLE);
	}
	if (sc->intr_resource) {
		sc->sc_irq = LP_HAS_IRQ | LP_USE_IRQ | LP_ENABLE_IRQ;
		device_printf(dev, "Interrupt-driven port\n");
	} else {
		sc->sc_irq = 0;
		device_printf(dev, "Polled port\n");
	}
	lprintf(("irq %x %x\n", irq, sc->sc_irq));

	lpt_release_ppbus(dev);

	make_dev(&lpt_cdevsw, unit,
	    UID_ROOT, GID_WHEEL, 0600, LPT_NAME "%d", unit);
	make_dev(&lpt_cdevsw, unit | LP_BYPASS,
	    UID_ROOT, GID_WHEEL, 0600, LPT_NAME "%d.ctl", unit);
	return (0);
}

static void
lptout(void *arg)
{
	device_t dev = (device_t)arg;
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
#ifdef LPT_DEBUG
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);
#endif

	lprintf(("T %x ", ppb_rstr(ppbus)));
	if (sc->sc_state & OPEN) {
		sc->sc_backoff++;
		if (sc->sc_backoff > hz/LPTOUTMAX)
			sc->sc_backoff = sc->sc_backoff > hz/LPTOUTMAX;
		timeout(lptout, (caddr_t)dev, sc->sc_backoff);
	} else
		sc->sc_state &= ~TOUT;

	if (sc->sc_state & EERROR)
		sc->sc_state &= ~EERROR;

	/*
	 * Avoid possible hangs due to missed interrupts
	 */
	if (sc->sc_xfercnt) {
		lptintr(dev);
	} else {
		sc->sc_state &= ~OBUSY;
		wakeup((caddr_t)dev);
	}
}

/*
 * lptopen -- reset the printer, then wait until it's selected and not busy.
 *	If LP_BYPASS flag is selected, then we do not try to select the
 *	printer -- this is just used for passing ioctls.
 */

static	int
lptopen(dev_t dev, int flags, int fmt, struct thread *p)
{
	int s;
	int trys, err;
	u_int unit = LPTUNIT(minor(dev));
	struct lpt_data *sc = UNITOSOFTC(unit);
	device_t lptdev = UNITODEVICE(unit);
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(lptdev);

	if (!sc)
		return (ENXIO);

	if (sc->sc_state) {
		lprintf((LPT_NAME ": still open %x\n", sc->sc_state));
		return(EBUSY);
	} else
		sc->sc_state |= LPTINIT;

	sc->sc_flags = LPTFLAGS(minor(dev));

	/* Check for open with BYPASS flag set. */
	if (sc->sc_flags & LP_BYPASS) {
		sc->sc_state = OPEN;
		return(0);
	}

	/* request the ppbus only if we don't have it already */
	if ((err = lpt_request_ppbus(lptdev, PPB_WAIT|PPB_INTR)) != 0) {
		/* give it a chance to try later */
		sc->sc_state = 0;
		return (err);
	}

	s = spltty();
	lprintf((LPT_NAME " flags 0x%x\n", sc->sc_flags));

	/* set IRQ status according to ENABLE_IRQ flag
	 */
	if (sc->sc_irq & LP_ENABLE_IRQ)
		sc->sc_irq |= LP_USE_IRQ;
	else
		sc->sc_irq &= ~LP_USE_IRQ;

	/* init printer */
	if ((sc->sc_flags & LP_NO_PRIME) == 0) {
		if((sc->sc_flags & LP_PRIMEOPEN) || sc->sc_primed == 0) {
			ppb_wctr(ppbus, 0);
			sc->sc_primed++;
			DELAY(500);
		}
	}

	ppb_wctr(ppbus, LPC_SEL|LPC_NINIT);

	/* wait till ready (printer running diagnostics) */
	trys = 0;
	do {
		/* ran out of waiting for the printer */
		if (trys++ >= LPINITRDY*4) {
			splx(s);
			sc->sc_state = 0;
			lprintf(("status %x\n", ppb_rstr(ppbus)));

			lpt_release_ppbus(lptdev);
			return (EBUSY);
		}

		/* wait 1/4 second, give up if we get a signal */
		if (tsleep((caddr_t)lptdev, PCATCH, "lptinit", hz/4) !=
		    EWOULDBLOCK) {
			sc->sc_state = 0;
			splx(s);

			lpt_release_ppbus(lptdev);
			return (EBUSY);
		}

		/* is printer online and ready for output */
	} while ((ppb_rstr(ppbus) &
			(LPS_SEL|LPS_OUT|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR)) !=
					(LPS_SEL|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR));

	sc->sc_control = LPC_SEL|LPC_NINIT;
	if (sc->sc_flags & LP_AUTOLF)
		sc->sc_control |= LPC_AUTOL;

	/* enable interrupt if interrupt-driven */
	if (sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ)
		sc->sc_control |= LPC_ENA;

	ppb_wctr(ppbus, sc->sc_control);

	sc->sc_state = OPEN;
	sc->sc_inbuf = malloc(BUFSIZE, M_LPT, M_WAITOK);
	sc->sc_statbuf = malloc(BUFSTATSIZE, M_LPT, M_WAITOK);
	sc->sc_xfercnt = 0;
	splx(s);

	/* release the ppbus */
	lpt_release_ppbus(lptdev);

	/* only use timeout if using interrupt */
	lprintf(("irq %x\n", sc->sc_irq));
	if (sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ) {
		sc->sc_state |= TOUT;
		timeout(lptout, (caddr_t)lptdev,
			 (sc->sc_backoff = hz/LPTOUTINITIAL));
	}

	lprintf(("opened.\n"));
	return(0);
}

/*
 * lptclose -- close the device, free the local line buffer.
 *
 * Check for interrupted write call added.
 */

static	int
lptclose(dev_t dev, int flags, int fmt, struct thread *p)
{
	u_int unit = LPTUNIT(minor(dev));
	struct lpt_data *sc = UNITOSOFTC(unit);
	device_t lptdev = UNITODEVICE(unit);
        device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(lptdev);
	int err;

	if(sc->sc_flags & LP_BYPASS)
		goto end_close;

	if ((err = lpt_request_ppbus(lptdev, PPB_WAIT|PPB_INTR)) != 0)
		return (err);

	sc->sc_state &= ~OPEN;

	/* if the last write was interrupted, don't complete it */
	if((!(sc->sc_state  & INTERRUPTED)) && (sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ))
		while ((ppb_rstr(ppbus) &
			(LPS_SEL|LPS_OUT|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR)) !=
			(LPS_SEL|LPS_NBSY|LPS_NERR) || sc->sc_xfercnt)
			/* wait 1/4 second, give up if we get a signal */
			if (tsleep((caddr_t)lptdev, PCATCH,
				"lpclose", hz) != EWOULDBLOCK)
				break;

	ppb_wctr(ppbus, LPC_NINIT);
	free(sc->sc_inbuf, M_LPT);
	free(sc->sc_statbuf, M_LPT);

end_close:
	/* release the bus anyway
	 * unregistration of interrupt forced by release
	 */
	lpt_release_ppbus(lptdev);

	sc->sc_state = 0;
	sc->sc_xfercnt = 0;
	lprintf(("closed.\n"));
	return(0);
}

/*
 * lpt_pushbytes()
 *	Workhorse for actually spinning and writing bytes to printer
 *	Derived from lpa.c
 *	Originally by ?
 *
 *	This code is only used when we are polling the port
 */
static int
lpt_pushbytes(device_t dev)
{
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(dev);
	device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(dev);
	int spin, err, tic;
	char ch;

	lprintf(("p"));
	/* loop for every character .. */
	while (sc->sc_xfercnt > 0) {
		/* printer data */
		ch = *(sc->sc_cp);
		sc->sc_cp++;
		sc->sc_xfercnt--;

		/*
		 * Wait for printer ready.
		 * Loop 20 usecs testing BUSY bit, then sleep
		 * for exponentially increasing timeout. (vak)
		 */
		for (spin = 0; NOT_READY(ppbus) && spin < MAX_SPIN; ++spin)
			DELAY(1);	/* XXX delay is NOT this accurate! */
		if (spin >= MAX_SPIN) {
			tic = 0;
			while (NOT_READY(ppbus)) {
				/*
				 * Now sleep, every cycle a
				 * little longer ..
				 */
				tic = tic + tic + 1;
				/*
				 * But no more than 10 seconds. (vak)
				 */
				if (tic > MAX_SLEEP)
					tic = MAX_SLEEP;
				err = tsleep((caddr_t)dev, 0,
					LPT_NAME "poll", tic);
				if (err != EWOULDBLOCK) {
					return (err);
				}
			}
		}

		/* output data */
		ppb_wdtr(ppbus, ch);
		/* strobe */
		ppb_wctr(ppbus, sc->sc_control|LPC_STB);
		ppb_wctr(ppbus, sc->sc_control);

	}
	return(0);
}

/*
 * lptread --retrieve printer status in IEEE1284 NIBBLE mode
 */

static int
lptread(dev_t dev, struct uio *uio, int ioflag)
{
        u_int	unit = LPTUNIT(minor(dev));
	struct lpt_data *sc = UNITOSOFTC(unit);
	device_t lptdev = UNITODEVICE(unit);
        device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(lptdev);
	int error = 0, len;

	if (sc->sc_flags & LP_BYPASS) {
		/* we can't do reads in bypass mode */
		return (EPERM);
	}

	if ((error = ppb_1284_negociate(ppbus, PPB_NIBBLE, 0)))
		return (error);

	/* read data in an other buffer, read/write may be simultaneous */
	len = 0;
	while (uio->uio_resid) {
		if ((error = ppb_1284_read(ppbus, PPB_NIBBLE,
				sc->sc_statbuf, min(BUFSTATSIZE,
				uio->uio_resid), &len))) {
			goto error;
		}

		if (!len)
			goto error;		/* no more data */

		if ((error = uiomove(sc->sc_statbuf, len, uio)))
			goto error;
	}

error:
	ppb_1284_terminate(ppbus);
	return (error);
}

/*
 * lptwrite --copy a line from user space to a local buffer, then call
 * putc to get the chars moved to the output queue.
 *
 * Flagging of interrupted write added.
 */

static	int
lptwrite(dev_t dev, struct uio *uio, int ioflag)
{
	unsigned n;
	int err;
        u_int	unit = LPTUNIT(minor(dev));
	struct lpt_data *sc = UNITOSOFTC(unit);
	device_t lptdev = UNITODEVICE(unit);
        device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(lptdev);

	if(sc->sc_flags & LP_BYPASS) {
		/* we can't do writes in bypass mode */
		return(EPERM);
	}

	/* request the ppbus only if we don't have it already */
	/* XXX interrupt registration?! */
	if ((err = lpt_request_ppbus(lptdev, PPB_WAIT|PPB_INTR)) != 0)
		return (err);

	/* if interrupts are working, register the handler */
	if (sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ) {
		/* register our interrupt handler */
		err = BUS_SETUP_INTR(ppbus, lptdev, sc->intr_resource,
			       INTR_TYPE_TTY, lpt_intr, lptdev,
			       &sc->intr_cookie);
		if (err) {
			device_printf(lptdev, "handler registration failed, polled mode.\n");
			sc->sc_irq &= ~LP_USE_IRQ;
		}
	}

	sc->sc_state &= ~INTERRUPTED;
	while ((n = min(BUFSIZE, uio->uio_resid)) != 0) {
		sc->sc_cp = sc->sc_inbuf;
		uiomove(sc->sc_cp, n, uio);
		sc->sc_xfercnt = n ;

		if (sc->sc_irq & LP_ENABLE_EXT) {
			/* try any extended mode */
			err = ppb_write(ppbus, sc->sc_cp,
					sc->sc_xfercnt, 0);
			switch (err) {
			case 0:
				/* if not all data was sent, we could rely
				 * on polling for the last bytes */
				sc->sc_xfercnt = 0;
				break;
			case EINTR:
				sc->sc_state |= INTERRUPTED;	
				return(err);
			case EINVAL:
				/* advanced mode not avail */
				log(LOG_NOTICE, LPT_NAME "%d: advanced mode not avail, polling\n", unit);
				break;
			default:
				return(err);
			}
		} else while ((sc->sc_xfercnt > 0)&&(sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ)) {
			lprintf(("i"));
			/* if the printer is ready for a char, */
			/* give it one */
			if ((sc->sc_state & OBUSY) == 0){
				lprintf(("\nC %d. ", sc->sc_xfercnt));
				lptintr(lptdev);
			}
			lprintf(("W "));
			if (sc->sc_state & OBUSY)
				if ((err = tsleep((caddr_t)lptdev,
					 PCATCH, LPT_NAME "write", 0))) {
					sc->sc_state |= INTERRUPTED;
					return(err);
				}
		}

		/* check to see if we must do a polled write */
		if(!(sc->sc_irq & LP_USE_IRQ) && (sc->sc_xfercnt)) {
			lprintf(("p"));

			err = lpt_pushbytes(lptdev);

			if (err)
				return(err);
		}
	}

	/* we have not been interrupted, release the ppbus */
	lpt_release_ppbus(lptdev);

	return(0);
}

/*
 * lpt_intr -- handle printer interrupts which occur when the printer is
 * ready to accept another char.
 *
 * do checking for interrupted write call.
 */

static void
lpt_intr(void *arg)
{
	device_t lptdev = (device_t)arg;
        device_t ppbus = device_get_parent(lptdev);
	struct lpt_data *sc = DEVTOSOFTC(lptdev);
	int sts = 0;
	int i;
	
	/* we must own the bus to use it */
	if ((sc->sc_state & HAVEBUS) == 0)
		return;

	/*
	 * Is printer online and ready for output?
	 *
	 * Avoid falling back to lptout() too quickly.  First spin-loop
	 * to see if the printer will become ready ``really soon now''.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < 100 &&
	     ((sts=ppb_rstr(ppbus)) & RDY_MASK) != LP_READY; i++) ;

	if ((sts & RDY_MASK) == LP_READY) {
		sc->sc_state = (sc->sc_state | OBUSY) & ~EERROR;
		sc->sc_backoff = hz/LPTOUTINITIAL;

		if (sc->sc_xfercnt) {
			/* send char */
			/*lprintf(("%x ", *sc->sc_cp)); */
			ppb_wdtr(ppbus, *sc->sc_cp++) ;
			ppb_wctr(ppbus, sc->sc_control|LPC_STB);
			/* DELAY(X) */
			ppb_wctr(ppbus, sc->sc_control);

			/* any more data for printer */
			if(--(sc->sc_xfercnt) > 0) return;
		}

		/*
		 * No more data waiting for printer.
		 * Wakeup is not done if write call was not interrupted.
		 */
		sc->sc_state &= ~OBUSY;

		if(!(sc->sc_state & INTERRUPTED))
			wakeup((caddr_t)lptdev);
		lprintf(("w "));
		return;
	} else	{	/* check for error */
		if(((sts & (LPS_NERR | LPS_OUT) ) != LPS_NERR) &&
				(sc->sc_state & OPEN))
			sc->sc_state |= EERROR;
		/* lptout() will jump in and try to restart. */
	}
	lprintf(("sts %x ", sts));
}

static void
lptintr(device_t dev)
{
	/* call the interrupt at required spl level */
	int s = spltty();

	lpt_intr(dev);

	splx(s);
	return;
}

static	int
lptioctl(dev_t dev, u_long cmd, caddr_t data, int flags, struct thread *p)
{
	int	error = 0;
        u_int	unit = LPTUNIT(minor(dev));
        struct	lpt_data *sc = UNITOSOFTC(unit);
	u_char	old_sc_irq;	/* old printer IRQ status */

	switch (cmd) {
	case LPT_IRQ :
		if(sc->sc_irq & LP_HAS_IRQ) {
			/*
			 * NOTE:
			 * If the IRQ status is changed,
			 * this will only be visible on the
			 * next open.
			 *
			 * If interrupt status changes,
			 * this gets syslog'd.
			 */
			old_sc_irq = sc->sc_irq;
			switch(*(int*)data) {
			case 0:
				sc->sc_irq &= (~LP_ENABLE_IRQ);
				break;
			case 1:
				sc->sc_irq &= (~LP_ENABLE_EXT);
				sc->sc_irq |= LP_ENABLE_IRQ;
				break;
			case 2:
				/* classic irq based transfer and advanced
				 * modes are in conflict
				 */
				sc->sc_irq &= (~LP_ENABLE_IRQ);
				sc->sc_irq |= LP_ENABLE_EXT;
				break;
			case 3:
				sc->sc_irq &= (~LP_ENABLE_EXT);
				break;
			default:
				break;
			}
				
			if (old_sc_irq != sc->sc_irq )
				log(LOG_NOTICE, LPT_NAME "%d: switched to %s %s mode\n",
					unit,
					(sc->sc_irq & LP_ENABLE_IRQ)?
					"interrupt-driven":"polled",
					(sc->sc_irq & LP_ENABLE_EXT)?
					"extended":"standard");
		} else /* polled port */
			error = EOPNOTSUPP;
		break;
	default:
		error = ENODEV;
	}

	return(error);
}

static device_method_t lpt_methods[] = {
	/* device interface */
	DEVMETHOD(device_identify,	lpt_identify),
	DEVMETHOD(device_probe,		lpt_probe),
	DEVMETHOD(device_attach,	lpt_attach),

	{ 0, 0 }
};

static driver_t lpt_driver = {
	LPT_NAME,
	lpt_methods,
	sizeof(struct lpt_data),
};

DRIVER_MODULE(lpt, ppbus, lpt_driver, lpt_devclass, 0, 0);