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Miscellanious performance adjustments to the kernel * Add an argument to VOP_BMAP so VFSs can discern the type of operation the BMAP is being done for. * Normalize the variable name denoting the blocksize to 'blksize' in vfs_cluster.c. * Fix a bug in the cluster code where a stale bp->b_error could wind up getting returned when B_ERROR is not set. * Do not B_AGE cluster bufs. * Pass the block size to both cluster_read() and cluster_write() instead of those routines getting the block size from vp->v_mount->mnt_stat.f_iosize. This allows different areas of a file to use a different block size. * Properly initialize bp->b_bio2.bio_offset to doffset in cluster_read(). This fixes an issue where VFSs were making an extra, unnecessary call to BMAP. * Do not recycle vnodes on the free list until numvnodes has reached desiredvnodes. Vnodes were being recycled when their resident page count had dropped to zero, but this is actually too early as the VFS may cache important information in the vnode that would otherwise require a number of I/O's to re-acquire. This mainly helps HAMMER (whos inode lookups are fairly expensive). * Do not VAGE vnodes. * Remove the minvnodes test. There is no reason not to load the vnode cache all the way through to its max. * buf_cmd_t visibility for the new BMAP argument.
Add vop_stdgetpages() and vop_stdputpages() and replace those filesystem getpages and putpages routines which were doing the same thing.
Remove the vpp (returned underlying device vnode) argument from VOP_BMAP(). VOP_BMAP() may now only be used to determine linearity and clusterability of the blocks underlying a filesystem object. The meaning of the returned block number (other then being contiguous as a means of indicating linearity or clusterability) is now up to the VFS. This removes visibility into the device(s) underlying a filesystem from the rest of the kernel.
Adjust some comments with reality.
Give the device major / minor numbers their own separate 32 bit fields in the kernel. Change dev_ops to use a RB tree to index major device numbers and remove the 256 device major number limitation. Build a dynamic major number assignment feature into dev_ops_add() and adjust ASR (which already had a hand-rolled one), and MFS to use the feature. MFS at least does not require any filesystem visibility to access its backing device. Major devices numbers >= 256 are used for dynamic assignment. Retain filesystem compatibility for device numbers that fall within the range that can be represented in UFS or struct stat (which is a single 32 bit field supporting 8 bit major numbers and 24 bit minor numbers).
Use SYSREF to reference count struct vnode. v_usecount is now v_sysref(.refcnt). v_holdcnt is now v_auxrefs. SYSREF's termination state (using a negative reference count from -0x40000000+) now places the vnode in a VCACHED or VFREE state and deactivates it. The vnode is now assigned a 64 bit unique id via SYSREF. vhold() (which manipulates v_auxrefs) no longer reactivates a vnode and is explicitly used only to track references from auxillary structures and references to prevent premature destruction of the vnode. vdrop() will now only move a vnode from VCACHED to VFREE on the 1->0 transition of v_auxrefs if the vnode is in a termination state. vref() will now panic if used on a vnode in a termination state. vget() must now be used to explicitly reactivate a vnode. These requirements existed before but are now explicitly asserted. vlrureclaim() and allocvnode() should now interact a bit better. In particular, vlrureclaim() will do a better job of finding vnodes to flush and transition from VCACHED to VFREE, and allocvnode() will do a better job finding vnodes to reuse without getting blocked by a flush. allocvnode now uses a real VX lock to sequence vnodes into VRECLAIMED. All vnode special state processing now uses a VX lock. Vnodes are now able to be slowly returned to the memory pool when kern.maxvnodes is reduced at run time. Various initialization elements have been moved to CTOR/DTOR and are no longer in the critical path, improving performance. However, since SYSREF uses atomic_cmpset_int() (aka cmpxchgl), which reduces performance somewhat, overall performance tends to be about the same.
Rename printf -> kprintf in sys/ and add some defines where necessary (files which are used in userland, too).
VNode sequencing and locking - part 3/4. VNode aliasing is handled by the namecache (aka nullfs), so there is no longer a need to have VOP_LOCK, VOP_UNLOCK, or VOP_ISSLOCKED as 'VOP' functions. Both NFS and DEADFS have been using standard locking functions for some time and are no longer special cases. Replace all uses with native calls to vn_lock, vn_unlock, and vn_islocked. We can't have these as VOP functions anyhow because of the introduction of the new SYSLINK transport layer, since vnode locks are primarily used to protect the local vnode structure itself.
Introduce sys/syslink.h, the beginnings of a VOP-compatible RPC-like communications infrastructure that will be used for userland VFS and communications between hosts in a cluster. Begin merging the vnode operations vector code with syslink by replacing vnodeop_desc with syslink_desc. Also get rid of a lot of junk related to vnodeop_desc that is no longer used.
Remove several layers in the vnode operations vector init code. Declare the operations vector directly instead of via a descriptor array. Remove most of the recalculation code, it stopped being needed over a year ago. This work is similar to what FreeBSD now does, but was developed along a different line. Ultimately our vop_ops will become SYSLINK ops for userland VFS and clustering support.
The thread/proc pointer argument in the VFS subsystem originally existed for... well, I'm not sure *WHY* it originally existed when most of the time the pointer couldn't be anything other then curthread or curproc or the code wouldn't work. This is particularly true of lockmgr locks. Remove the pointer argument from all VOP_*() functions, all fileops functions, and most ioctl functions.
Simplify vn_lock(), VOP_LOCK(), and VOP_UNLOCK() by removing the thread_t argument. These calls now always use the current thread as the lockholder. Passing a thread_t to these functions has always been questionable at best.
Move the error check into the else clause because it only applies there.
Add missing braces. Submitted-by: Csaba Henk <email@example.com>
Due to continuing issues with VOP_READ/VOP_WRITE ops being called without a VOP_OPEN, particularly by NFS, redo the way VM objects are associated with vnodes. * The size of the object is now passed to vinitvmio(). vinitvmio() no longer calls VOP_GETATTR(). * Instead of trying to call vinitvmio() conditionally in various places, we now call it unconditionally when a vnode is instantiated if the filesystem at any time in the future intends to use the buffer cache to access that vnode's dataspace. * Specfs 'disk' devices are an exception. Since we cannot safely do I/O on such vnodes if they have not been VOP_OPEN()'ed anyhow, the VM objects for those vnodes are still only associated on open. The performance impact is limited to the case where large numbers of vnodes are being created and destroyed. This case only occurs when a large directory topology (number of files > kernel's vnode cache) is traversed and all related inodes are cached by the system. Being a pure-cpu case the slight loss of performance due to the VM object allocations is not really a big dael.
Change forgotten getinoquota to ext2_getinoquota to fix building with 'options QUOTA'.
Synchronize vinitvmio() calls from UFS to EXT2FS. Reported-by: Csaba Henk <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Transplant all the UFS ops that EXT2 used to call into the EXT2 tree and reconnect it to the build. Recent BUF/BIO work made most of the UFS tree incompatible with EXT2FS. Reported-by: Csaba Henk <email@example.com>
Make the entire BUF/BIO system BIO-centric instead of BUF-centric. Vnode and device strategy routines now take a BIO and must pass that BIO to biodone(). All code which previously managed a BUF undergoing I/O now manages a BIO. The new BIO-centric algorithms allow BIOs to be stacked, where each layer represents a block translation, completion callback, or caller or device private data. This information is no longer overloaded within the BUF. Translation layer linkages remain intact as a 'cache' after I/O has completed. The VOP and DEV strategy routines no longer make assumptions as to which translated block number applies to them. The use the block number in the BIO specifically passed to them. Change the 'untranslated' constant to NOOFFSET (for bio_offset), and (daddr_t)-1 (for bio_blkno). Rip out all code that previously set the translated block number to the untranslated block number to indicate that the translation had not been made. Rip out all the cluster linkage fields for clustered VFS and clustered paging operations. Clustering now occurs in a private BIO layer using private fields within the BIO. Reformulate the vn_strategy() and dev_dstrategy() abstraction(s). These routines no longer assume that bp->b_vp == the vp of the VOP operation, and the dev_t is no longer stored in the struct buf. Instead, only the vp passed to vn_strategy() (and related *_strategy() routines for VFS ops), and the dev_t passed to dev_dstrateg() (and related *_strategy() routines for device ops) is used by the VFS or DEV code. This will allow an arbitrary number of translation layers in the future. Create an independant per-BIO tracking entity, struct bio_track, which is used to determine when I/O is in-progress on the associated device or vnode. NOTE: Unlike FreeBSD's BIO work, our struct BUF is still used to hold the fields describing the data buffer, resid, and error state. Major-testing-by: Stefan Krueger
* Remove (void) casts for discarded return values. * Put function types on separate lines. * Ansify function definitions. In-collaboration-with: Alexey Slynko <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Rename all the functions and structures for the old VOP namespace API functions from vop_* to vop_old_*. e.g. vop_lookup -> vop_old_lookup. This will make it easier to identify areas containing old VOP API code. Remove vop_old_*_ap() functions, they are not used (and not allowed to be used). The old API is only allowed at the leaf of a VFS stack.
Add some missing #include's from the last commit.
Replace spl with critical sections.
Implement Red-Black trees for the vnode clean/dirty buffer lists. Implement ranged fsyncs and adjust the syncer to use the new capability. This capability will also soon be used to replace the write_behind heuristic. Rewrite the fsync code for all VFSs to use the new APIs (generally simplifying them). Get rid of B_WRITEINPROG, it is no longer useful or needed. Get rid of B_SCANNED, it is no longer useful or needed. Rewrite the NFS 2-phase commit protocol to take advantage of the new Red-Black tree topology. Add RB_SCAN() for callback-scanning of Red-Black trees. Give RB_SCAN the ability to track the 'next' scan node and automatically fix it up if the callback directly or indirectly or through blocking indirectly deletes nodes in the tree while the scan is in progress. Remove most related loop restart conditions, they are no longer necessary. Disable filesystem background bitmap writes. This really needs to be solved a different way and the concept does not work well with red-black trees.
Introduce vnodepv_entry_t as type for the vnodeopv_entry functions. This is slightly better than casting all the functions to void *, which is a data pointer.
Make sure that cn_flags is properly updated to account for side effects for *_checkpath(), otherwise relookup will panic on an assertion.
VFS messaging/interfacing work stage 9/99: VFS 'NEW' API WORK. NOTE: unionfs and nullfs are temporarily broken by this commit. * Remove the old namecache API. Remove vfs_cache_lookup(), cache_lookup(), cache_enter(), namei() and lookup() are all gone. VOP_LOOKUP() and VOP_CACHEDLOOKUP() have been collapsed into a single non-caching VOP_LOOKUP(). * Complete the new VFS CACHE (namecache) API. The new API is able to supply topological guarentees and is able to reserve namespaces, including negative cache spaces (whether the target name exists or not), which the new API uses to reserve namespace for things like NRENAME and NCREATE (and others). * Complete the new namecache API. VOP_NRESOLVE, NLOOKUPDOTDOT, NCREATE, NMKDIR, NMKNOD, NLINK, NSYMLINK, NWHITEOUT, NRENAME, NRMDIR, NREMOVE. These new calls take (typicaly locked) namecache pointers rather then combinations of directory vnodes, file vnodes, and name components. The new calls are *MUCH* simpler in concept and implementation. For example, VOP_RENAME() has 8 arguments while VOP_NRENAME() has only 3 arguments. The new namecache API uses the namecache to lock namespaces without having to lock the underlying vnodes. For example, this allows the kernel to reserve the target name of a create function trivially. Namecache records are maintained BY THE KERNEL for both positive and negative hits. Generally speaking, the kernel layer is now responsible for resolving path elements. NRESOLVE is called when an unresolved namecache record needs to be resolved. Unlike the old VOP_LOOKUP, NRESOLVE is simply responsible for associating a vnode to a namecache record (positive hit) or telling the system that it's a negative hit, and not responsible for handling symlinks or other special cases or doing any of the other path lookup work, much unlike the old VOP_LOOKUP. It should be particularly noted that the new namecache topology does not allow disconnected namecache records. In rare cases where a vnode must be converted to a namecache pointer for new API operation via a file handle (i.e. NFS), the cache_fromdvp() function is provided and a new API VOP, VOP_NLOOKUPDOTDOT() is provided to allow the namecache to resolve the topology leading up to the requested vnode. These and other topological guarentees greatly reduce the complexity of the new namecache API. The new namei() is called nlookup(). This function uses a combination of cache_n*() calls, VOP_NRESOLVE(), and standard VOP calls resolve the supplied path, deal with symlinks, and so forth, in a nice small compact compartmentalized procedure. * The old VFS code is no longer responsible for maintaining namecache records, a function which was mostly adhoc cache_purge()s occuring before the VFS actually knows whether an operation will succeed or not. The new VFS code is typically responsible for adjusting the state of locked namecache records passed into it. For example, if NCREATE succeeds it must call cache_setvp() to associate the passed namecache record with the vnode representing the successfully created file. The new requirements are much less complex then the old requirements. * Most VFSs still implement the old API calls, albeit somewhat modified and in particular the VOP_LOOKUP function is now *MUCH* simpler. However, the kernel now uses the new API calls almost exclusively and relies on compatibility code installed in the default ops (vop_compat_*()) to convert the new calls to the old calls. * All kernel system calls and related support functions which used to do complex and confusing namei() operations now do far less complex and far less confusing nlookup() operations. * SPECOPS shortcutting has been implemented. User reads and writes now go directly to supporting functions which talk to the device via fileops rather then having to be routed through VOP_READ or VOP_WRITE, saving significant overhead. Note, however, that these only really effect /dev/null and /dev/zero. Implementing this was fairly easy, we now simply pass an optional struct file pointer to VOP_OPEN() and let spec_open() handle the override. SPECIAL NOTES: It should be noted that we must still lock a directory vnode LK_EXCLUSIVE before issuing a VOP_LOOKUP(), even for simple lookups, because a number of VFS's (including UFS) store active directory scanning information in the directory vnode. The legacy NAMEI_LOOKUP cases can be changed to use LK_SHARED once these VFS cases are fixed. In particular, we are now organized well enough to actually be able to do record locking within a directory for handling NCREATE, NDELETE, and NRENAME situations, but it hasn't been done yet. Many thanks to all of the testers and in particular David Rhodus for finding a large number of panics and other issues.
VFS messaging/interfacing work stage 8/99: Major reworking of the vnode interlock and other miscellanious things. This patch also fixes FS corruption due to prior vfs work in head. In particular, prior to this patch the namecache locking could introduce blocking conditions that confuse the old vnode deactivation and reclamation code paths. With this patch there appear to be no serious problems even after two days of continuous testing. * VX lock all VOP_CLOSE operations. * Fix two NFS issues. There was an incorrect assertion (found by David Rhodus), and the nfs_rename() code was not properly purging the target file from the cache, resulting in Stale file handle errors during, e.g. a buildworld with an NFS-mounted /usr/obj. * Fix a TTY session issue. Programs which open("/dev/tty" ,...) and then run the TIOCNOTTY ioctl were causing the system to lose track of the open count, preventing the tty from properly detaching. This is actually a very old BSD bug, but it came out of the woodwork in DragonFly because I am now attempting to track device opens explicitly. * Gets rid of the vnode interlock. The lockmgr interlock remains. * Introduced VX locks, which are mandatory vp->v_lock based locks. * Rewrites the locking semantics for deactivation and reclamation. (A ref'd VX lock'd vnode is now required for vgone(), VOP_INACTIVE, and VOP_RECLAIM). New guarentees emplaced with regard to vnode ripouts. * Recodes the mountlist scanning routines to close timing races. * Recodes getnewvnode to close timing races (it now returns a VX locked and refd vnode rather then a refd but unlocked vnode). * Recodes VOP_REVOKE- a locked vnode is now mandatory. * Recodes all VFS inode hash routines to close timing holes. * Removes cache_leaf_test() - vnodes representing intermediate directories are now held so the leaf test should no longer be necessary. * Splits the over-large vfs_subr.c into three additional source files, broken down by major function (locking, mount related, filesystem syncer). * Changes splvm() protection to a critical-section in a number of places (bleedover from another patch set which is also about to be committed). Known issues not yet resolved: * Possible vnode/namecache deadlocks. * While most filesystems now use vp->v_lock, I haven't done a final pass to make vp->v_lock mandatory and to clean up the few remaining inode based locks (nwfs I think and other obscure filesystems). * NullFS gets confused when you hit a mount point in the underlying filesystem. * Only UFS and NFS have been well tested * NFS is not properly timing out namecache entries, causing changes made on the server to not be properly detected on the client if the client already has a negative-cache hit for the filename in question. Testing-by: David Rhodus <email@example.com>, Peter Kadau <firstname.lastname@example.org>, walt <email@example.com>, others
VFS messaging/interfacing work stage 2/99. This stage retools the vnode ops vector dispatch, making the vop_ops a per-mount structure rather then a per-filesystem structure. Filesystem mount code, typically in blah_vfsops.c, must now register various vop_ops pointers in the struct mount to compile its VOP operations set. This change will allow us to begin adding per-mount hooks to VFSes to support things like kernel-level journaling, various forms of cache coherency management, and so forth. In addition, the vop_*() calls now require a struct vop_ops pointer as the first argument instead of a vnode pointer (note: in this commit the VOP_*() macros currently just pull the vop_ops pointer from the vnode in order to call the vop_*() procedures). This change is intended to allow us to divorce ourselves from the requirement that a vnode pointer always be part of a VOP call. In particular, this will allow namespace based routines such as remove(), mkdir(), stat(), and so forth to pass namecache pointers rather then locked vnodes and is a very important precursor to the goal of using the namecache for namespace locking.
VFS messaging/interfacing work stage 1/99. This stage replaces the old dynamic VFS descriptor and inlined wrapper mess with a fixed structure and fixed procedural wrappers. Most of the work is straightforward except for vfs_init, which was basically rewritten (and greatly simplified). It is my intention to make the vop_*() call wrappers eventually handle range locking and cache coherency issues as well as implementing the direct call -> messaging interface layer. The call wrappers will also API translation as we shift the APIs over to new, more powerful mechanisms in order to allow the work to be incrementally committed. This is the first stage of what is likely to be a huge number of stages to modernize the VFS subsystem.
Remove invalid tokens after #endif
Remove the VREF() macro and uses of it. Remove uses of 0x20 before ^I inside vnode.h
Style(9) cleanup to src/sys/vfs, stage 5/21: ext2fs. - Convert K&R-style function definitions to ANSI style. Submitted-by: Andre Nathan <firstname.lastname@example.org> Additional-reformatting-by: cpressey
Newtoken commit. Change the token implementation as follows: (1) Obtaining a token no longer enters a critical section. (2) tokens can be held through schedular switches and blocking conditions and are effectively released and reacquired on resume. Thus tokens serialize access only while the thread is actually running. Serialization is not broken by preemptive interrupts. That is, interrupt threads which preempt do no release the preempted thread's tokens. (3) Unlike spl's, tokens will interlock w/ interrupt threads on the same or on a different cpu. The vnode interlock code has been rewritten and the API has changed. The mountlist vnode scanning code has been consolidated and all known races have been fixed. The vnode interlock is now a pool token. The code that frees unreferenced vnodes whos last VM page has been freed has been moved out of the low level vm_page_free() code and moved to the periodic filesystem sycer code in vfs_msycn(). The SMP startup code and the IPI code has been cleaned up considerably. Certain early token interactions on AP cpus have been moved to the BSP. The LWKT rwlock API has been cleaned up and turned on. Major testing by: David Rhodus
namecache work stage 1: namespace cleanups. Add a NAMEI_ prefix to CREATE, LOOKUP, DELETE, and RENAME. Add a CNP_ prefix too all the name lookup flags (nd_flags) e.g. ISDOTDOT->CNP_ISDOTDOT.
__P()!=wanted, remove old style prototypes from the vfs subtree
kernel tree reorganization stage 1: Major cvs repository work (not logged as commits) plus a major reworking of the #include's to accomodate the relocations. * CVS repository files manually moved. Old directories left intact and empty (temporary). * Reorganize all filesystems into vfs/, most devices into dev/, sub-divide devices by function. * Begin to move device-specific architecture files to the device subdirs rather then throwing them all into, e.g. i386/include * Reorganize files related to system busses, placing the related code in a new bus/ directory. Also move cam to bus/cam though this may not have been the best idea in retrospect. * Reorganize emulation code and place it in a new emulation/ directory. * Remove the -I- compiler option in order to allow #include file localization, rename all config generated X.h files to use_X.h to clean up the conflicts. * Remove /usr/src/include (or /usr/include) dependancies during the kernel build, beyond what is normally needed to compile helper programs. * Make config create 'machine' softlinks for architecture specific directories outside of the standard <arch>/include. * Bump the config rev. WARNING! after this commit /usr/include and /usr/src/sys/compile/* should be regenerated from scratch.
Register keyword removal Approved by: Matt Dillon
LINT build test. Aggregated source code adjustments to bring most of the rest of the kernel source up to date, using the LINT build.
Remove the priority part of the priority|flags argument to tsleep(). Only flags are passed now. The priority was a user scheduler thingy that is not used by the LWKT subsystem. For process statistics assume sleeps without P_SINTR set to be disk-waits, and sleeps with it set to be normal sleeps. This commit should not contain any operational changes.
proc->thread stage 4: rework the VFS and DEVICE subsystems to take thread pointers instead of process pointers as arguments, similar to what FreeBSD-5 did. Note however that ultimately both APIs are going to be message-passing which means the current thread context will not be useable for creds and descriptor access.
Add the DragonFly cvs id and perform general cleanups on cvs/rcs/sccs ids. Most ids have been removed from !lint sections and moved into comment sections.
import from FreeBSD RELENG_4 188.8.131.52