Updating the System
The only supported method of upgrading DragonFly BSD is by building from source code. The supported upgrade process includes going from the previous release to latest release.
Getting the source code
There is a Makefile in /usr which will ease the task of retrieving the source tree; it needs to be run as root:
% cd /usr % make src-create [...]
This will check out (download) the source tree to
/usr/src and switch to the master branch. For the stable branch, you need to check it out with the following command (remember to replace the DragonFly_RELEASE_4_0 with the appropriate branch name for the release needed).
% cd /usr/src % git checkout DragonFly_RELEASE_4_0
To see the available remote branches:
# cd /usr/src # git pull # git branch -r
The leading edge (development trunk) version of the system will be the "master".
Build and upgrade process
The build process requires some time to build all the userland programs and the DragonFly BSD kernel. Once built, the next step is to install everything and make the upgrade target. No configuration files in /etc are changed by this process. More details can be found in build(7) manpage.
Note: You may use a concurrent build with
make -j <number> if you have a SMP (a machine with several cores or CPUs). The number of CPUs + 1 is a good value to start with. To find out how many CPUs your computer has:
% sysctl hw.ncpu hw.ncpu: 2 % cd /usr/src % make -j 3 buildworld % make -j 3 buildkernel % make installkernel % make installworld % make upgrade (reboot)
An explanation of each step follows.
make buildworld : This command builds all userland programs; it is the most time-consuming step of the process. Some programs may be discarded from the build process. For more information, see make.conf(5) manpage.
make buildkernel : This builds the kernell by default, it uses the config file for your architecture. You may also specify a different kernel configuration file using
KERNCONF=<configfile>. For more information, see make.conf(5) manpage.
make installkernel This installs the kernel using the config file for your architecture; again,
KERNCONF=<configfile>can be used to specify which one to install.
make installworld : This copies all the files built in the buildworld step (i.e. everything that is not the kernel) to their proper places in the file system.
make upgrade : This cleans out any files made unnecessary by this upgrade.
(reboot) : Reboot the computer to load the new kernel and use the new files installed as part of this process.
If your computer fails to boot the new kernel, you can always select 'Boot DragonFly using kernel.old' in the loader menu, so that the old kernel is loaded instead of the new one.
Additional upgrading instructions can be found in /usr/src/UPDATING in the source tree. They can also be found online, here