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NG_IFACE(4)	      DragonFly Kernel Interfaces Manual	   NG_IFACE(4)


ng_iface -- interface netgraph node type


#include <netgraph/iface/ng_iface.h>


An iface node is both a netgraph node and a system networking interface. When an iface node is created, a new interface appears which is accessi- ble via ifconfig(8). Iface node interfaces are named ng0, ng1, etc. When a node is shutdown, the corresponding interface is removed and the interface name becomes available for reuse by future iface nodes; new nodes always take the first unused interface. The node itself is assigned the same name as its interface, unless the name already exists, in which case the node remains unnamed. An iface node has a single hook corresponding to each supported protocol. Packets transmitted via the interface flow out the corresponding proto- col-specific hook. Similarly, packets received on a hook appear on the interface as packets received into the corresponding protocol stack. The currently supported protocols are IP, IPv6, AppleTalk, ATM, NATM, and NS. An iface node be configured as a point-to-point interface or a broadcast interface. The configuration can only be changed when the interface is down. The default mode is point-to-point. Iface nodes support the Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF).


This node type supports the following hooks: inet Transmission and reception of IP packets. inet6 Transmission and reception of IPv6 packets. atalk Transmission and reception of AppleTalk packets. atm Transmission and reception of ATM packets. natm Transmission and reception of NATM packets. ns Transmission and reception of NS packets.


This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following: NGM_IFACE_GET_IFNAME Returns the name of the interface corresponding to this node in a struct ng_iface_ifname: struct ng_iface_ifname { char ngif_name[NG_IFACE_IFACE_NAME_MAX + 1]; }; NGM_IFACE_POINT2POINT Set the interface to point-to-point mode. The interface must not currently be up. NGM_IFACE_BROADCAST Set the interface to broadcast mode. The interface must not cur- rently be up. NGM_CISCO_GET_IPADDR This message is defined by the ng_cisco(4) node type; see ng_cisco(4) for a description.


This node shuts down upon receipt of a NGM_SHUTDOWN control message. The associated interface is removed and becomes available for use by future iface nodes. Unlike most other node types, an iface node does not go away when all hooks have been disconnected; rather, and explicit NGM_SHUTDOWN control message is required.


bpf(4), netgraph(4), ng_cisco(4), ifconfig(8), ngctl(8)


The iface node type was implemented in FreeBSD 4.0.


Archie Cobbs <archie@FreeBSD.org> DragonFly 5.3 January 19, 1999 DragonFly 5.3

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